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ARAMAIC The Aramaic language was the international trade language of the ancient Middle East between 1000 and 600 BCE, spoken from the Mediterranean coast to the borders of India. Its script, derived from Phoenician and first attested during the 9th century BCE, also became extremely popular and was adopted by many people with or without any previous writing system

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Aramaic (ארמית, Arāmît): The Aramaic alphabet was adaptaed from the Phoenician alphabet during the 8th century BC and was used to write the Aramaic language until about 600 AD. The Aramaic alphabet was adapted to write quite a few other languages, and developed into a number of new alphabets, including the Hebrew square script and cursive script, Nabataean, Syriac, Palmyrenean, Mandaic, Sogdian, Mongolian and probably the Old Turkic script. (...)

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My grandmother was fluent in Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic). I'm only a quarter Assyrian, but I'd love to learn the language someday.

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from Zach and Katie's World

Your time machine through the ancient world, through the Phoenicians

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The Phoenician alphabet. Note that ’ and ‘ were originally full consonants in the Phoenician language (glottal stop and voiced pharyngeal respectively). Several of the letters were ambiguous (i.e. denoted more than one consonant phoneme) when the Phoenician alphabet was borrowed to write Old Aramaic and Biblical Hebrew, but there is no clear evidence of this for the Phoenician language itself.

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Georgian is a South Caucasian or Kartvelian language spoken in Georgia, and also in Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Georgian language first appeared in writing in about 430 AD in an inscription in a church in Palestine in the Asomtavruli alphabet. Before then the main written language used in Georgia was a form of Aramaic known as Armazuli. 2 other alphabets have been used to write Georgian: Nushkhuri and Mkhedruli, which is the alphabet currently used.

Samaritan - The Samaritans were a Mesopotamian people that migrated to and settled in Palestine during the first half of the 1st millenium BCE. They adopted Jewish culture, starting at the 6th century BCE. The Samaritans continued to use their alphabet even though Old Hebrew became replaced with the Aramaic-derived Jewish (or Hebrew) script. In time, their script evolved into a distinctive form called the Samaritan script.

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