First woman Arctic explorer, Josephine Peary, wife of Robert Peary, was a First Lady of the Arctic, “Mother of the Snow Baby,” and a veteran of half a dozen polar expeditions who’d outlived her husband by three decades.
Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (1872-1928) Norwegian explorer of polar regions. He led the Antarctic expedition to discover the South Pole in December 1911 and he was the first expedition leader to reach the North Pole in 1926.
Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958). While on an expedition in the Antarctic in 1912, a member of his 3 man sledging team fell into a crevasse with their rations and 6 of the fittest dogs. He and the other man Mertz were forced to eat the remaining dogs for food and in the process ingested toxic levels of vitamin A. Mertz went mad and died, only Mawson made it, apparently driven on by the desire to propose to his girlfriend.
Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914. Photo from the Expedition [group portrait], 1911-1914. Photos include Correll, Hurley, Mawson, McLean, Mertz, Moyes, Watson and Wild. State Library of NSW.