In physical geography, tundra is type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. The term tundra comes through Russian тундра from the Kildin Sami word tūndâr "uplands", "treeless mountain tract". There are three types of tundra: arctic tundra, alpine tundra, and Antarctic tundra. In tundra, the vegetation is composed of dwarf shrubs, sedges and grasses, mosses, and lichens. #Glogster #Tundra
Tundras are among Earth's coldest, harshest biomes. Tundra ecosystems are treeless regions found in the Arctic and on the tops of mountains, where the climate is cold and windy and rainfall is scant. Tundra lands are snow-covered for much of the year, until summer brings a burst of wildflowers.
Inuit, Inupiat, and Yupik people, called Eskimos by 19th century Europeans, are the original inhabitants of the Arctic tundra of northern Canada, Alaska, Russia and Greenland. About 100,000 of them still live there. They were nomadic hunter-gatherers and lived near the coast in summer, building up food reserves for the winter. The rest of the year, they travelled hunting caribou, seals, polar bears, and whales...(click to see more).