The V2 was the first ballistic missile and was a marvel of technology for its time. Developed by brilliant scientist Wehrner von Braun, the V2 could not be produced in enough numbers to change the war, but it could not be shot down and more than 5500 of them rained down on England and Amsterdam during the war causing untold damage and 1000s of casualties. He later brought this expertise to the Apollo moon project and said American Robert Goddard provided the fundamental research for the V2.
Von Braun major achievement was the design of the first ever ballistic missile, the V-2 combat rocket which was launched by Germany in 1944 during WWII. After the end of WWII, he and key members of his rocket staff were taken to the USA as part of Operation Paperclip, the American operation to gather key German scientists for use in the USA before they could be captured by the Soviets.
Did you know the U.S. Navy had a submarine named Will Rogers? The Benjamin Franklin-class ballistic missile submarine, USS Will Rogers (SSBN-659), officially launched on 21 July 1966, and was decommissioned 12 April 1993. This photo is from the day it launched in 1966