The Ottomans defeated the Poles, who were supporting the Habsburgs in the Thirty Years' War, at the Battle of Cecora in September–October 1620, but were not able to further intervene efficiently before the Bohemian defeat at the Battle of the White Mountain in November 1620. File:Defending the Polish banner at Chocim, by Juliusz Kossak, 1892.jpg
"Zang Tumb Tumb" is a sound poem written by Filippo Marinetti, an Italian futurist. It is an account of the Battle of Adrianople, which he witnessed as a reporter. The poem uses "Parole in Libertà" (words in freedom), creative typography, and other poetic impressions of the events of the battle, including the sounds of gunfire and explosions. The work had an enormous influence on the emerging culture of European avant-garde print.
The late Roman legion used round shields because the Roman state didn't have the money to train the soldiers to work as an organized fighting machine like the early legion was. Instead the late legion was a militia and hence had to use round shields because round shields are better in individual combat.