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arab muslim cavalryman of the Ayyubid dynasty and a muslim african volunteer of the Ghana Empire servingSultan Saladin during the Battle of Hattin

The Muslim armies under Saladin captured or killed the vast majority of the Crusader forces, removing their capability to wage war. As a direct result of the battle, Islamic forces once again became the eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-conquering Jerusalem and several other Crusader-held cities. These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin.

Saladin was the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Muslim opposition to the European Crusaders in the Levant. Under his personal leadership, his forces defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin, leading the way to his re-capture of Palestine. His noble and chivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders, he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart.

Saladin (1137/1138–1193) was a Muslim military and political leader who as sultan (or leader) led Islamic forces during the Crusades. Saladin's greatest triumph over the European Crusaders came at the Battle of Hattin in 1187, which paved the way for Islamic re-conquest of Jerusalem and other Holy Land cities in the Near East. During the subsequent Third Crusade, Saladin was unable to defeat the armies led by England's King Richard I (the Lionheart).

Saladin was a Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Islamic opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, he ruled over Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, and Yemen. He led the Muslims against the Crusaders and eventually recaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory in the Battle of Hattin.

The Battle of Hattin took place on July 3 and 4, 1187, between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the forces of the Kurdish Ayyubid sultan Salah ad-Din

1187 CE (July 4) - Saladin wins the Battle of Hattin. Frankish nobles, Templars, and Hospitallers are destroyed. Saladin assumes control of most the Latin Kingdoms of Jerusalem.