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Ramesses II - Famous Egyptians - Rameses II The Great Rameses ruled Egypt for 66 years and won peace with the Hittites. Ramesses led several expeditions north into the lands east of the Mediterranean (modern Israel, Palestine, Lebanon and Syria). At the Battle of Kadesh in the fourth year of his reign (1286 BC), Egyptian forces under Ramesses engaged the forces of Muwatallis, king of the Hittites. Over the following years, neither power could effectively defeat the other, so in the 21st…