Ramesses atop chariot, at the battle of Kadesh. (Relief inside his Abu Simbel temple.) Date 1274 BC Location On the Orontes River near Kadesh Result Both sides claimed victory Tactical: Pyrrhic Egyptian victory Operational: Egyptian defeat (campaign ended in Egyptian retreat) Strategic: Hittite victory (Hittite Empire expanded southward, to Upi)
The Battle of Kadesh (also Qadesh) took place between the forces of the Egyptian Empire under Ramesses II and the Hittite Empire under Muwatalli II at the city of Kadesh on the Orontes River, in what is now the Syrian Arab Republic. The battle is generally dated to 1274 BC, and is the earliest battle in recorded history for which details of tactics and formations are known. It was probably the largest chariot battle ever fought, involving perhaps 5,000–6,000 chariots.