Account of Xerxes witnessing the battle of Salamis between an Alliance of Greek city-states and the Persian Empire in September 480 B.C., in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens. It marked the high-point of the second Persian invasion of Greece which had begun in 480 B.C.
The great naval battle of Salamis was fought between the Greeks and Persians in 480 BCE in the narrow strait between Salamis and Attica. The Phoenicians made up an important part of the Persian navy. King Xerxes I of Persia had with him three loyal kings from the Phoenicians city-states: King Eshmunazar II of Sidon, son of high priestess of Astarte; King Mattan IV of Tyre, son of Hiram; and King Maharbaal of Arvad.
Themistocles (524 - 459 a. C) Athenian politician and general. One of the most important battles of the ancient world was that of Salamis (Medical War II, in 480 a. Of C) and resulted in the destruction by the Greeks of the huge fleet of the Persians. The latter, led by Xerxes, had launched a massive invasion of Greece, Asia Minor through making a huge army raced across the plains of Anatolia, Laodicea, Sardis and Pergamum, intending to cross the Dardanelles to reach the Greeks in the…
The Greek Strategy at the Battle of Salamis 480 BCE
The distribution of the respective fleets of the Greek allied states (blue) against the Persian forces of Xerxes (red), 480 BCE. The Greeks would outmanoeuvre the Persians in the shallow waters of the straights and win a victory which would (with the land Battle of Plataea one year later) end Xerxes' imperial ambitions in Greece. US Military Academy map.