A short documentary made by C-SPAN on the history, meaning, & provisions of the U.S. Constitution, as well as the operation of government w/in the parameters set forth in the U.S. Constitution. Video footage highlights the operation of the legislative, executive & judicial branches of government by providing footage of several recent events & activities. This pin didn't work right for some reason, so click here for the video…

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In 1924, a grateful Congress voted to give a bonus to World War I veterans - $1.25 for each day served overseas, $1.00 for each day served in the States. The catch was that payment would not be made until 1945. However, by 1932 the nation had slipped into the dark days of the Depression and the unemployed veterans wanted their money immediately. In May of that year, some 15,000 veterans, many unemployed and destitute, descended on Washington, D.C. to demand immediate payment of their bonus.

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"Bonus Army" Driven by force from Washington DC in 1932 - A precursor of OWS

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The Bonus Army: How A Protest Led To The GI Bill by RADIO DIARIES

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Featured on Today in History on Wikipedia. Photo: Members of the Bonus Army camped out on the lawn of the U.S. Capitol building. "The Bonus Army was the popular name of an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C., in the spring and summer of 1932 to demand immediate cash-payment redemption of their service certificates." Hoover sent the army to clear them out after a conflict with police July 28…

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In May 1932, the Bonus Army, mostly of jobless WWI veterans, demanded payment of promised bonus certificates, not scheduled to mature for another 13 years. Congress refused. Hoover ordered Chief of Staff Gen. Douglas MacArthur to disperse the Bonus Army. MacArthur, resplendent in his regalia, with 1,000 troops with gas masks and tear gas grenades, fixed bayonets, 6 tanks, and cavalry with drawn sabers, routed the veterans, and then proceeded to burn down their encampment, exceeding his…

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"BONUS ARMY" was born out of the inequality of the 1917 Selective Service Act. During WWI, for the first time, the U.S. army went off to war composed of more than half draftees. Despite rigorous recruiting efforts, only 97,000 men had volunteered 3 weeks after America declared war against Germany. By war's end, industrial workers, who had been spared the physical and mental hardships of combat, were earning 10xs that of Category I Troops. They were also . . . ~ Draft Notice, 1918

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The Bonus Army 1932, Washington D.C. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/snprelief4.htm

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THE BONUS ARMY ~ According to journalist and eyewitness Joseph Harsch, “This was not a revolutionary situation. This was a bunch of people in great distress wanting help.… These were simply World War I vets who were out of luck, out of money, wanted to get their bonus — and they needed the money at that moment.” Public opinion denounced Hoover for the resulting bloodshed. Audiences in movie theaters booed newsreel footage of the military expelling the Vets . . .

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