Devanagari. Even though a descendent of the Brahmi script, Devanagari has evolved into a highly cursive script. Many languages in India, such as Hindi and Sanskrit, use Devanagari and many more languages throughout India use local variants of this script. Genealogy: Brahmi. Location: South Asia. Time: 12th century CE to Present. Direction: Left to Right.
The Brahmi script appeared in India most certainly by the 5th century BCE, but early texts suggests that its origin lies further back in time. There are several theories on to the origin of the Brahmi script. The first theory is that Brahmi has a West Semitic origin. Location: South Asia. Time: 5th century BCE to 4th century CE. Direction: Variable (Horizontal).
The Tamil script is a script that is used to write the Tamil language as well as other minority languages such as Badaga, Irula, and Paniya. With the use of diacritics to represent aspirated consonants, it is also used to write Saurashtra and, by Tamils, to write Sanskrit. The Tamil script, like the other Indic scripts, is thought to have evolved from the Brahmi script. Time period: c. 700 until the present.
Nēpālī (नेपाली) is an Indo-Aryan language with around 17 million speakers in Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and India. Nepali was originally known as Khas Kurā and was the language of the Khasa kingdom, which ruled over the foothills of what is now Nepal during the 13th and 14th centuries. Nepali first started to be used in writing during the 12th century AD. It is written with the Devanāgarī alphabet, which developed from the Brahmi script in the 11th century AD.
Grantha - The Grantha script was widely used between the 6th century and the 19th century CE by Tamil speakers in South India, particularly in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, to write Sanskrit and classical Manipravalam, and is still in restricted use in traditional vedic schools (veda pāṭhaśālā). It is a Brahmic script, having evolved from the Brāhmī script in Tamil Nadu. The Malayalam alphabet is a direct descendant of Grantha as are the Tigalari and Sinhala alphabets.
Gurmukhi is the most common script used for writing the Punjabi language in India. An abugida derived from the Laṇḍā script and ultimately descended from Brahmi, Gurmukhi was standardised by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad, in the 16th century. The whole of the Guru Granth Sahib's 1430 pages are written in this script. The name Gurmukhi is derived from the Old Punjabi term "gurumukhī", meaning "from the mouth of the Guru".
The Brahmi script is the earliest writing system developed in India after the Indus script. It is one of the most influential writing systems; all modern Indian scripts and several hundred scripts found in Southeast and East Asia are derived from Brahmi. --AHE