Cathay Williams - Became the first and the only known female Buffalo Soldier. Enlisting in the US Regular Army 1866 at St. Louis, Missouri for a three year engagement, passing herself off as a man. She is the first African American female to enlist, and the only documented to serve in the United States Army posing as a man under the pseudonym, William Cathay.

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Buffalo Soldiers were members of an all-black regiment in the U.S. Army. The 10th Cavalry was formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth and was the regiment that the Indians first called "buffalo soldiers."

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Private Cathay Williams was the only woman to serve in the US Army as a Buffalo Soldier. On November 15, 1866 she enlisted in the Army as a man. Williams reversed her name William Cathay and lived as a male soldier and served until she was found out due to the last of many illnesses she suffered while in service. She is the only documented black woman known to have served in the Army during these times when enlisting women was prohibited

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Lieutenant Colonel Charles Young. The first African American to attain the rank of Colonel in the United States Army and it's highest ranking African American until the day he died. A true Buffalo Soldier...

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Oldest Buffalo Soldier dies at 111 By Washington Post reporter Joe Holley September 15, 2005 WASHINGTON -- Retired 1st Sgt. Mark Matthews, 111, one of the last of the nation's legendary Buffalo Soldiers, died of pneumonia Sept. 6 at Fox Chase Nursing Home in Washington. Sgt. Matthews, who also was the oldest Buffalo Soldier, was heir to a proud military heritage that originated with the black soldiers who fought in the Indian wars on the Western frontier.

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c. 1860-80, studio portrait of an unidentified soldier with buffalo hide and gun. (Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Photographs of Afro-American Soldiers Collection. *s*

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The lineup of soldiers. The Buffalo soldiers were key in taming the west. They were named this by the Native Americans because of their hair.

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Buffalo Soldiers in Huntsville, AL. On Oct. 18, 1898, the 10th Cavalry, returning from Cuba and the Spanish-American War, stopped in Huntsville, making camp near the present-day intersection of Pulaski Pike and University Drive. The Buffalo Soldiers, under the command of 1st. Lt. John “Black Jack” Pershing, stayed until Jan. 28, 1899, making such an impression on the city that residents dubbed the site Cavalry Hill.

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Moses Williams, who started his military career as an illiterate soldier and later became commander of Fort Stevens near what is now Astoria, Ore. Williams died in 1899 and is buried in Vancouver. Flipper said the former Buffalo Soldier was one of the most decorated soldiers in the history of the U.S. government.

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