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Thai-Burma Railway, Kanchanaburi, Thailand by Nobythai, via Flickr

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The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Thailand–Burma Railway and similar names, was a 415 kilometres (258 mi) railway between Bangkok, Thailand, and Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar), built by the Empire of Japan in 1943, to support its forces in the Burma campaign of World War II.

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from Lonely Planet

Myanmar essentials: a guide to planning your Burma trip

U Bein Bridge and Buddhist monk in Burma by Frans Lemmens / Stone / Getty

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Our World: the Burma Railway. Australia prisoners of war in Changi Jail, Singapore

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Sir Edward "Weary" Dunlop. Surgeon in the Australian Army, known for his care and compassion of prisoners of war on the Thai-Burma Railway during World War II.

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President: Lt. Gen. Thein Sein (2011) Vice President: Vice President Sai Mouk Kham (2011) Land area: 253,954 sq mi (657,741 sq km); total area: 261,969 q mi (678,500 sq km) Population (2014 est.): 55,746,253 (growth rate: 1.03%); birth rate: 19.11/1000; infant mortality rate: 47.74/1000; life expectancy: 65.24; density per sq km: 72 Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Rangoon, 4.457 million Other large cities: Mandalay, 1.063 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.06 million Monetary unit: Kyat

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The Burma Railway, also known also as the Death Railway, the Thailand-Burma Railway and similar names, is a 415 km (258 mile) railway between Bangkok, Thailand and Rangoon, Burma (now Myanmar), built by the Empire of Japan during World War II, to support its forces in the Burma campaign.Forced labour was used in its construction. About 200,000 Asian labourers and 60,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) worked on the railway. Of these, around 100,000 Asian labourers and 16,000 Allied POWs died…

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