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Using a panel of ultrasound markers in a systematic fashion as a part of screening has been referred to as a "genetic sonogram". The presence of one of these markers may increase the possibility of Down syndrome.


What is down syndrome ? It’s a genetic condition caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21 in the body’s cells which causes physical and mental delay in the child’s development.


Edwards Syndrome (Trisomy 18) Trisomies occur when there is a triplet of a specific chromosome instead of the normal number of 2. The most common trisomy is trisomy 21 or Down syndrome. In Edwards syndrome, or trisomy 18, there are 3 chromosome 18's. Patients with trisomy 18 can range from mildly to severely affected.


Fine motor/hand features associated with Down Syndrome: -delayed fine motor development -Hypotonia -Simian crease in hand, indicator of weaker hand intrinsic muscles


This pin provides a better understanding of Down Syndrome as a disorder. It contains information on common causes, how the disorder affects children, other conditions commonly seen alongside of Down syndrome, and possible resources to aide in the care of a child with Down syndrome.

Here's a pic of how the nerves run through the shoulder down the arm. This is one of the situations that can cause pain further down the arm.