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Central Venous Pressure Monitoring. Normal Sternum: 0–14 cm H2O, Midaxillary line: 8–15 cm H2O. CVP can be measured by connecting the patient's central venous catheter to a special infusion set which is connected to a small diameter water column. If the water column is calibrated properly the height of the column indicates the CVP. In most intensive care units, equipment is available to measure CVP continuously. Normal range for CVP is 3–12 cm water pressure

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Central lines are used to administer large amounts of fluid, including total parenteral nutrition. (A) A short (nontunneled) triple-lumen percutaneous (through the skin) central venous catheter This catheter is inserted into the subclavian vein and threaded up into the superior vena cava (Lynn, 2008). (B) The peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line is inserted into the antecubital space and is sufficiently long to be threaded up into the superior vena cava (Lynn, 2008). (C) The…

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Illustration of a totally implantable central venous catheter. Read this overview of central venous catheters and insertion techniques http://www.bmj.com/content/347/bmj.f6570

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