Cesare Borgia (1475 or April 1476– 12 March 1507),was an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal. He was the son of Pope Alexander VI and his long-term mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei. He was the brother of Lucrezia Borgia; Giovanni Borgia ,Duke of Gandia; and Gioffre Borgia ,Prince of Squillace, He was half-brother to to Don Pedro Luis de Borja.Cesare was also father to at least 11 illegitimate children.
The blade of the sword of Cesar Borgia is elaborately etched with scenes based on the life of Julius Caesar. Six classically inspired tableaus comprise the core of the decorative program: Worship of a Bull, Crossing of the Rubicon, Worship of Love, Triumph of Julius Caesar, Worship of Faith and PaxRomana. These images are the only extant examples of the personal iconography Cesar Borgia employed to represent himself as the modern Caesar.