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24 May 1862: Chancellor of the Exchequer, William Ewart Gladstone, and directors and engineers of the Metropolitan Railway Company, embark on an inspection tour of the world's first underground line. Built between Paddington and the City of London, it opened in January of the following year. Gladstone is seen in the front row, near right. Picture: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

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The Metropolitan Railway, London, before its official opening. 1862. According to Betjeman, "William Ewart Gladstone, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, is on the right of the man wearing a white hat.

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Customers outside a pub in Walworth, London, raising their glasses to celebrate cheaper beer. In his budget the previous day, Neville Chamberlain Chancellor of the Exchequer, lowered the price of beer by a penny a pint. 1933.

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President of the Board of Trade Winston Churchill (L) with Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George (R) - London - 1909

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As Chancellor of the Exchequer, David Lloyd-George was responsible for securing the finances to make reform a reality. But, even as Lloyd George sought the funds for social reform, Britain was engaged in an increasingly expensive naval arms race with Germany. This, combined with the legacy of an enormously costly war with the South African Boers between 1899 and 1903, placed extraordinary demands on the Exchequer. Further adding to this debt was a Pensions Bill that had been passed by…

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Lansdowne House, Berkeley Square, London. Built in 1765; in Pitt's time it was owned and occupied by the Earl of Shelburne (later Marquess of Lansdowne) under whom Pitt served as Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1782-3. Little now remains of the original house.

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John Charles, Third Earl Spencer (1782 - 1845) was a statesman, Chancellor of the Exchequer, leader of the House of Commons & founder member of the Royal Agricultural Society. He helped pass the Reform Bill of 1832 (called 'Althorp's Act') & supported the abolition of slavery. He was highly respected – so much so that he earned the nickname ‘Honest Jack’. He had the unenviable task of returning the Estate to solvency after a generation of excess, & lived at Althorp attended by a lone…

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UK Chancellor of the Exchequer prepares to give Autumn Statement

Autumn Statement speech in full: Transcript of new Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond's first budget statement #autumn #statement…

New Treasury papers show the PM and her first Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Geoffrey Howe, continued to work to keep the plans alive, holding meetings with key colleagues to “soften them up”