Catherine de' Medici, daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and of Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was a Franco/Italian noblewoman who was Queen consort of France from 1547 until 1559, as the wife of King Henry II of France. Born: April 13, 1519, Florence Died: January 5, 1589, Château de Blois Spouse: Henry II of France (m. 1533) Children: Charles IX of France, Henry III of France, Parents: Lorenzo II, Duke of Urbino, Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne. Wikipedia
On August 24, 1572, King Charles IV of France, under the influence of his mother, Catherine de Medici, ordered the assassination of Huguenot leaders in Paris. In what became known as the Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, thousands of French Huguenots were killed in just a few days.
Portrait of Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II of Austria and Infanta Maria of Spain, wife of King Charles IX of France -- Circa 1571 -- Francois Clouet -- French -- The Louvre -- Paris, France