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Circuit Court Case Information

101 years before Rosa Parks and Claudette Colvin, an African American woman named Elizabeth Jennings refused to be removed from a New York City trolley. Her case in the Brooklyn Circuit Court led to the desegregation of all NYC trolley lines. Her attorney? Future president Chester A. Arthur

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Elizabeth Jennings Graham was a black woman who lived in New York City. In 1854 she was told to get off a streetcar and then forcibly removed by the crew and a police officer. Jennings filed a lawsuit against the driver, the conductor, and the Third Avenue Railroad Company in Brooklyn. In 1855, she received a verdict in her favor and was awarded damages of two hundred and twenty five dollars plus costs. The next day, the Third Avenue Railroad Company ordered its cars desegregated.

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Circuit Court of Shelby County, Tennessee Thirtieth Judicial District at Memphis, December 1999 Coretta Scott King: “We have done what we can to reveal the truth, and we now urge you as members of the media, and we call upon elected officials, and other persons of influence to do what they can to share the revelation of this case to the widest possible audience.” – King Family Press Conference, Dec. 9, 1999.

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Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from Oct. 1967 until Oct. 1991.

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Callaway County Circuit Court documents regarding State of Missouri v. Celia, a slave - 1855 Supreme Court case that set the precedent that enslaved women could not take legal action when raped by their masters even though rape was a crime Missouri Digital Heritage