The slight differences between classical Athens and Sparta are magnified in this lesson because it provides for good issue-based discussion. In reality Athens and Sparta were both fairly militaristic, and at other times both were fairly democratic. Contrary to the way they are commonly portrayed, Athens had a powerful army and navy, and Sparta had an Assembly of elected members.
Aeschylus (c. 525 - c. 456 BCE) was one of the great writers of Greek Tragedy in 5th century BCE Classical Athens. Known as 'the father of tragedy', the playwright wrote up to 90 plays, winning with half of them at the great Athenian festivals of Greek drama. Perhaps his most famous work is Prometheus Bound which tells the myth of the Titan punished by Zeus for giving humanity the gift of fire. All of his surviving plays are still performed today in theatres across the world. -- AHE
Ancient Greek Architecture. The Statue of Athena at Parthenon Athens, Greece Circa 432 B.C. 40 ft high, made of gold and ivory and designed by Phidias. Tunic was made of gold plates with the skin of ivory. Pausanias, it was said that there was an image of a sphinx was on Athena’s helmet. In one hand was a 6ft statue of victory, spear in the other and shield at her feet. http://sasgreekart.pbworks.com/w/page/10150019/Parthenon—Scultpture
Parthenon, Athens, Greece - The most important surviving building of Classical Greece Architecture, the Parthenon is a former temple located on the Athenian Acropolis. Constructed between 447 and 432 BC, the structure is one of the most popular and visited tourist attractions in Greece as well as in Europe. Regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization, the Parthenon is visited by an estimated 8 million people every year.