The Dada movement claimed to be anti-art and had a strong negative and destructive element. Rejecting all tradition, they sought complete freedom. Dada quickly spread from Zurich to other European cities. Dada artists claimed to have invented photomontage.
Raoul Hausmann. The Art Critic 1919-20. Hausmann, a founder member of the Berlin Dada group, developed photomontage as a tool of satire and political protest. The fragment of a German banknote behind the critic’s neck suggests that he is controlled by capitalist forces. The words in the background are part of a poem poster made by Hausmann to be pasted on the walls of Berlin.
---Walter Benjamin recognized the importance of Dada when he wrote in 'The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction' that when authenticity ceases to be an important part of making art, "the total function of art is reversed. Instead of being based on ritual it begins to be based on another practice, politics." ---Image:http://www.johnvalentino.com/Teaching/Art190/Projects/190Proj2/Dada.html
The origins of the Dada movement can be traced to the opening of the Cabaret Voltaire by Hugo Ball in Zurich in 1916. Ball openend the cabaret and in a matter of days, he had assembled the core of the Dadaist movement, Emily Hennings, Tristan Tzara, Marcel and Georges Janco, Jean Arp, and Richard Heulsenbeck had all became part of the Dadaist movement.