Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is the Italian form of the Greek name Ἐρυθραία (Erythraía ), meaning "red [land]". With its capital at Asmara, it is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre brought about a socialist rule filled with persecution, jailing and torture of political opponents and dissidents. The regime collapsed in early in 1991, taking Somalia into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. However after much fighting, thing are now on there way to an organized country.