A portrait of William Of Orange. By Adriaen Thomasz Key, 1580. Also widely known as William the Silent, main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648. Born in the House of Nassau as Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, became Prince of Orange in 1544.Founder of the branch House of Orange-Nassau, ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands.
The beginning of the campaign season of 1600 brought orders from the Estates-General for Maurice to move his forces down the coast to take the city of Nieupoort. Maurice had little confidence in this plan but was obliged to obey.