Juneteenth, also known as Freedom Day or Emancipation Day, is a holiday in the United States honoring African American heritage by commemorating the announcement of the abolition of slavery in the U.S. State of Texas in 1865. Celebrated on June 19, the term is a combination of June and nineteenth
JUNETEENTH is one of the oldest Emancipation Day Celebrations, in the United States, that commemorates the events of June 18 and 19, 1865, when Union General Gordon Granger and 2,000 federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas, took possession of the state and declared all enslaved people in Texas, Free. Although Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation had been issued in 1863, it had little effect on Confederate states, where African Americans continued to live in slavery until the war's end.
Today is Juneteenth, which commemorates the ending of slavery in Texas on June 19, 1865. Although the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, it was not enforced in the state of Texas due to a lack of Union troop presence. Since 1865 black Americans have regarded June 19th as the official emancipation day, and on January 1, 1980, the state of Texas proclaimed June 19 an official state holiday thanks to the African American state legislator Al Edwards
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22nd, 1862. Lincoln waited until after they had a decisive victory in the Civil War to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. This document was to allow everyone to be free, Abe wanted to end slavery because slaves and farmers could fight in the Civil War. Another reason that it was passed was because Lincoln wanted to keep Britain and France from forming an alliance with the South. This was signed on January 1st, 1863.
(P) Juneteenth, Freedom Day, or Emancipation Day, commemorating June 19, 1865 when the abolition of slavery was announced and enforced in the state of Texas, over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. Isaac and Rosa, emancipated slave children, from the Free Schools of Louisiana; cabinet card photograph by M.H. Kimball, 1863. NYHS Image #78327d.
Ceremony for the Signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, 1862 The only known photograph related to the issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation: a crowd and a union band gathered outside a Massachusetts hotel to pose for the photograph, while placing an honored person in a wheelbarrow. — The Burns Archives