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The Etruscan language has been difficult to analyze. Long thought an isolate, consensus now holds that it is related to languages in the Alps and the Aegean island of Lemnos. It was superseded by Latin and was written in an alphabet derived from the Greek alphabet; this alphabet was the source of the Latin alphabet. It is also believed to be the source of certain important cultural words of Western Europe such as 'military' and 'person,' which do not have obvious Indo-European roots.

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The RAS'NA(Etruscan) Alphabet The Etruscan language is universally accepted as an isolated case. It cannot be shown conclusively to be related to any other language, living or dead, except for a couple of sparsely attested extinct languages. Here they used ancient Greek an Phoenicians signs to fit their still mysterious language..

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Fortress of Populonia, Populonia Alta, Piombino, Tuscany, Italy. www.castlesandmanorhouses.com The Fortress of Populonia is a massive defensive structure built in the 15th century by the Appiani lords of Piombino, using stones taken from ancient...

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Etruscan bronze statuette of a haruspex wearing a pointed hat. C.600BC. Villa Giulia Etruscan national museum

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The Old Italic alphabets developed from the west Greek alphabet, which came to Italy via the Greek colonies on Sicily and along the west coast of Italy. The Etruscans adapted the Greek alphabet to write Etruscan sometime during the 6th century BC, or possibly earlier. Most of the other alphabets used in Italy are thought to have derived from the Etruscan alphabet. (...)

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Sarcophagus and lid with husband and wife Italic, Etruscan, Late Classical or Early Hellenistic Period, 350–300 B.C.E.

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Etruscan Bronze Figure of a Horse Standing Upon an Integral Plinth. Late Archaic, Late 6th/Early 5th century B.C.E. Most probably from Vulci

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200 BCE. The Tabula Cortonensis, a bronze plaque with 8 pieces and riveted handle. It may be a contract related to the division of realty and chattel. It is a primary resource for the etruscan language with 34 known words and an equal number of previously unattested Etruscan words. The Ǝ (a reversed epsilon) implies that, at least in the Etruscan dialect spoken in Cortona has a different sound than E. 32 horizontal lines of text, about 30 letters long on the front and 8 on the back.

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Seen here is a map of the Etruscan territory. You can see just how massive and expansive the territory is in the orange area that's taking up all of Northern Italy and the Western coast.

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