From December 1941 all women aged 18 to 50, except those exempted, were required to do National Service. They could either join one the uniformed women's services,or seek work in a factory.The contribution made by the women factory workers must be among the most neglected aspect of WW2.The factories were the target of enemy bombers & their homes were near those factories.They worked long hours, spent nights in air raid shelters & survived under food and fuel rationing conditions.
A Female Mason Perched High above Berlin (c. 1910) With the rise of industrialization, the number of German women who worked outside the home also increased. This usually meant factory work. But in some families with their own businesses, daughters also learned a trade so that they could help out: here, we see a master-mason’s daughter during the renovation work on the old city hall tower in Berlin. via GHDI
World War 2: British fighter aircraft are being produced in increasing numbers. Here are Spitfires in production, in a factory where women play an important part, and are employed in nearly all branches of construction. April 3, 1941.
Workers assemble Browning-Inglis Hi-Power pistols at the John Inglis munitions plant, Canada, April 1944. The Hi-Power is one of the most widely used military pistols of all time,having been used by the armed forces of over 50 countries. Designed by John Browning, the Hi Power was completed by the Belgian firearms firm of Fabrique Nationale (FN) of Herstal, Belgium. Accurate, robust and with a 13-round magazine, the Hi Power is still in production and has spawned many current variants.
Production aides Ruby Reed and Merle Judd work in cramped quarters at Grumman Aircraft during World War II. Nineteen million women went to work to fill out the home front labor force during the war, including 3 million “Rosie the Riveters” in nontraditional industrial jobs.