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Know Your Bible Lesson 36: The Fall of Jerusalem

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The Babylonian Chronicles - make it possible to assign the fall of Jerusalem to the Second of Adar (March 16) in 597 B.C. with complete accuracy, confirming the Biblical accounts of Babylonian attacks on Jerusalem in 597 and 586 B.C. The Babylonian Chronicle records (partial here, see website for full account): "... (Nebuchadnezzar-599BC.) ... king of Babylon ... his army, ... invaded the land of Hatti (Syria/Palestine) ... seige Judah ... took the king prisoner ... sent to Babylon." (Bible…

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In July 1099, Crusaders lay siege to the Holy City of Jerusalem and attempt to expel its Muslim defenders.

On July 15, 1099, one of the most heinous and barbarous war crimes in the long bloody history of the human race occurred on the soil of perhaps the most contested place on planet Earth: Jerusalem. The Christian crusaders proceeded to slaughter thousands of Jews and Muslims within the walls of Jerusalem in cold blood, possibly killing as many as 10,000 innocent people.

Illumination from the Vaux Passional showing the seige and fall of Jerusalem. The manuscript is from 1503 and is absolutely stunning.

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Sophronius of Jerusalem (c. 560 – March 11, 638) Σωφρόνιος in Greek, born in Damascus present-day Syria, considered Muslim control of Palestine as "unwitting representatives of God's inevitable chastisement of weak and wavering Christians" died soon after the fall of Jerusalem to the caliph Umar I in 637, but not before he had negotiated the recognition of civil and religious liberty for Christians in exchange for tribute - an agreement known as Umari Treaty.