arab slave trade - During the 8th and 9th centuries of the Fatimid Caliphate, most of the slaves were Europeans (called Saqaliba) captured along European coasts and during wars. Historians estimate that between 650 and 1900, 10 to 18 million people were enslaved by Arab slave traders and taken from Europe, Asia and Africa across the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and Sahara desert.
11th century AD. Fatimid dynasty, Egypt. The influence of Byzantine enamel-work on Fatimid gold jewellery This crescent-shaped gold pendant may originally have been hung with strings of pearls, from the three loops along the bottom. It is decorated with delicate bands of fine gold filigree around a small cloisonné enamel inset depicting two confronted birds and a central tree. The crescent shape is typical of jewellery produced in the Islamic world.
11th Century Fatimid Rock Crystal Ewer. -- The pitcher was hand-carved from a single block of flawless rock crystal, by artisans during the Islamic Fatimid (909-1171) period. Great skill was required to carve the delicate decoration. The Treasure of Caliph Mostansir-Billah at Cairo, which was destroyed in 1062, contained 1800 rock crystal vessels, today only 7 are known to survive & are considered the rarest of all Islamic art objects. #rock_crystal #quartz #Islamic_art #ewer
The Siege of Jerusalem took place from June 7 to July 15, 1099 during the First Crusade. The climax of the First Crusade, the successful siege saw the Crusaders seize the city from the Fatimid Caliphate and laid the foundations for the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Caliphate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. On 29 June 2014, the militant Islamist group formerly known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant declared territories under its control in Iraq and Syria to be a Caliphate, and demanded all Muslims pledge obedience to its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, whom it referred to as Caliph Ibrahim