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These are the original inhabitants of the area that is now Texas. There are three federally recognized Indian tribes in Texas today: Alabama-Coushatta Tribe, Kickapoo Traditional Tribe, and Ysleta del Sur Pueblo.


Cree Indian 1800 Minnesota - At one time the Cree were located in northern Minnesota, North Dakota and Montana. Today they live as part of the federally recognized Chippewa Cree tribe, located on the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation in Montana.


A Cherokee woman, undated photo (early 1900s?). Today, the Cherokee Nation is comprised of three separate federally recognized tribes, and is the largest. Originally one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", Cherokee were concentrated in the Southeastern US.


It might surprise many Oklahomans to know that the state doesn't have the greatest number of federally recognized Indian tribes.


Map of TN tribes in the past - The word "Tennessee" comes from the Cherokee Indian word "Tanasi", which was the name of a major Cherokee town in southeastern TN. There are no federally recognized Indian tribes in TN today. Most Native Americans were forced to leave TN during the Indian Removals of the 1800's. These tribes are not extinct, but except for the descendants of TN Indians who escaped from Removal, they do not live in TN anymore. They were moved to Indian reservations in OK…


Wichita Anadarko Indian woman, Oklahoma. Photo: before 1912. - The Wichita people are a confederation of Plains Indians. Historically they spoke the Wichita language, a Caddoan language. They are indigenous to Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Today the four Wichita tribes, the Waco, Taovaya, Tawakoni, and Wichita proper, are federally recognized with the Kichai people as the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco and Tawakonie).