Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (4 June 1867 – 27 January 1951) was the military leader of the Whites in the Finnish Civil War, Commander-in-Chief of Finland's Defence Forces during World War II, Marshal of Finland, and a Finnish statesman. He was Regent of Finland (1918–1919) and the sixth President of Finland (1944–1946).
During World War I, in 1917, Finland declares its independence. This independence is recognized by the new communist leaders of Russia. At the same time, the breach between left wing and and right wing armed groups becomes hostile. In 1918 the Finnish Civil War between Finnish communists and anti-communists starts. This map shows the initial frontlines and first offensives of the Finnish Civil War at the beginning of February
A Soviet lieutenant captured by Finnish soldiers during World War II. He had torn off his officer insignia, thinking that he would be treated better as an ordinary soldier. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images). January 1940
Simo Häyhä: 542 Kills (705 unconfirmed) Simo Häyhä, a Finn, is the only non-Soviet soldier on this list. Nicknamed “White Death” by the troops of the Red Army — whom he tormented, dressed in his snow camouflage, during the bitterly cold Winter War of 1939-1940 — Häyhä is, according to statistics, the deadliest sniper in history.