Sir Francis Walsingham-Born: 1530, Scadbury Park, Chislehurst, Kent, England-Died: 6 Apr 1590, Seething Lane, London, Middlesex, England Principal Secretary to Elizabeth I of England from 1573 until 1590, and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster". Elizabeth I. nicknamed him her 'Moor'.
Slap-soled shoes belonging to Frances Walsingham, lady in waiting to Elizabeth I, and daughter of her spymaster, Francis Walsingham. Though the shoes belong to a Canadian collector, they are considered so important to British history that they have to be returned to England
A portrait of Lady Frances Walsingham, Countess of Essex with her son Robert. By Robert Peake the Elder, 1594. Frances was the daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham, and the wife of Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, who was beheaded for treason in 1601.
To protect her Kingdom from the Spanish invasion and her throne from the Catholic Church,Mary Queen of Scots,Elizabeth relied on the elaborate secret service organizations of her resourceful secretary of state Sir Francis Walsingham.Often spending his own money Walsingham employed a network of spies at foreign courts which kept him informed of any threats to his sovereign. It was Walsingham who uncovered Anthony Babington’s plot against the Queens life in 1586...
Portrait of Sir Francis Walsingham, Elizabeth I spymaster. Sir Francis Walsingham’s official title was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I, but in fact this pious, tight-lipped Puritan was England’s first spymaster. A ruthless, fiercely loyal civil servant, Walsingham worked brilliantly behind the scenes to foil Elizabeth’s rival Mary Queen of Scots and outwit Catholic Spain and France, which had arrayed their forces behind her.