The capital letters of the modern greek alphabet is almost the same as lonic alphabet. Lower case letters came to be in after 800 AD. People would usually write horizontal lines and write, right to left. In 500 bc changed the direction of writing to horizontal lines from left to right.
Greek Alphabet Greek civilization laid the foundation for many of the accomplishments of the western world. the Greeks took the Phoenician or North Semitic alphabet and changed five consonants to vowels. Greeks applied geometric structure and order to the uneven Phoenician characters, converting them into art forms of great harmony and beauty. greeks developed Boustrophedon writing method-for every other line reads in the opposite direction.
Ancient Scripts: Greek There were many variants of the early Greek alphabet, each suited to a local dialect. Eventually the Ionian alphabet was adopted in all Greek-speaking states, but before that happened, the Euboean variant was carried to the Italic peninsula and adopted by Etruscan and eventually Latin. The following chart compare various early variants, the Phoenician equivalent, the modern alphabet, and pronunciations