There are many examples of zombies in modern day Haiti. Papa Doc Duvallier, the dictator of Haiti from 1957 to 1971, had a private army of thugs called tonton macoutes. These people were said to be in trances and they followed every command that Duvallier gave them. Duvallier had his own voodoo church and he promised to return after his death to rule again. He did not come back, but a guard was placed at his tomb to insure that he would not try to escape, or that nobody could steal the body.