Indus-Harappan Seal. Much conjecture exists as to who the man is. This is the classic pose of the masters of the Jain religion; naked standing with arms and legs not touching the body. Jainism predates the Vedas, Hinduism and Buddhism. Yet the Vedas do mention the Jain masters.
Seal -12, Harappan Civilization, C- 2700-2000 BC | Seals appear in the Indus Valley around 2600 B.C. with the rise of the cities and associated administrators. Square and rectangular seals were made from fired steatite. The soft soapstone was carved, polished, and then fired in a kiln to whiten and harden the surface. Seals made of metal are extremely rare, but copper and silver examples are known. | photo by Mukul Banerjee on 500px
Near East, Iran, Sasanian, ca. 5th to 7th century CE. A Sasanian (also spelled Sassanian)intaglio ring featuring a large oval carnelian stone of warm autumnal orange hues, carved with an abstract depiction of a horned animal (goat or bovine) under a crescent moon, set in a modern 14 karat gold men's ring. Sasanian art shows a fascinating fusion of Near Eastern as well as Greco-Roman influences and includes fine luxury arts such as this intaglio seal made from semi-precious carnelian.