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DRINK THIS! From a Bordeaux (France) population-based study: "Light-to-moderate drinking (one to three drinks per day) was significantly associated with a lower risk of any dementia (hazard ratio 0.58 [95% CI 0.38-0.90]) and vascular dementia (hazard ratio 0.29 [0.09-0.93])." http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15455646

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The proportion (3.4 %) of statin users (N = 53,212) who had incident diabetes was higher than the proportion (1.2 %) of non-statin users (N = 53,212) who had incident diabetes. Compared with no statin use and controlling for demographic and clinical covariates, statin use was significantly associated with increased risk of incident diabetes (hazard ratio 2.01; 99 % confidence interval 1.74–2.33; p < 0.0001). In addition, risk of diabetes was highest among users of lovastatin…

Hazard Ratio::: measure of survival or time-to-event analysis... same as Relative Risk... 1 means there is no difference... less than 1 means that there is a protective effects... over 1 means that there is a detrimental effect

Scientific seminar: Bias in estimating the causal hazard ratio when using two-stage instrumental variable methods, presented by Fei Wan | Tuesday, January 27 at 4:00 p.m. Group Health Research Institute in Seattle, Washington

What is a hazard ratio? How do you calculate it?

from Mail Online

### Pass the ice cream: Fat people can be as healthy as thin people (as long as they exercise)

Graph: The 'hazard ratio' on the Y axis shows the risk of dying young, with one being the baseline, while the 'habits' on the X axis shows the number of healthy habits a respondent had

In 2015, the German Study on Aging, Cognition and Dementia in Primary Care Patients reported that among 2911 persons 75 years of age or older, the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) was associated with an increased risk of dementia (hazard ratio [HR], 1.33 [95% CI, 1.04-1.83) and an increased...

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from Medpage Today

### Painful Hands, Hurting Hearts?

Painful Hands, Hurting Hearts? Symptomatic hand osteoarthritis was linked with coronary heart disease? Symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) of the hands was associated with an elevated risk for coronary heart disease events, analysis of data from the Framingham Heart Study showed: In a multivariate analysis that adjusted for multiple factors including age, sex, body mass index, lipids, medication use, and smoking, the hazard ratio for coronary heart disease among individuals with symptomatic hand…

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Figure 2Adjusted Hazard Ratios for Major Cardiovascular Events According to the Level of Fresh Fruit Consumption.