Shirley Chisholm 1969 of New York, becomes the first Black woman in Congress. Her motto is, "Unbought and unbossed." She served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 14 years. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY) becomes the first black woman U.S. Representative. Read more: Famous Firsts by American Women, 1901–Present | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womensfirsts2.html#ixzz2XSMje5Ep
I think that Barbara Jordan (1936-1976) was one of the most remarkable women in our history. She was the first African American since Reconstruction to serve in the Texas Senate and then the first African American woman from the South to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Barbara Jordan (1936 – 1996) was a leader of the Civil rights movement and later became the first Black woman elected to the United States House of Representatives. Among other notable achievements, Jordan introduced legislature to extend the state ratification deadline for the Equal Rights Amendment, and campaigned to include Native Americans, Latinos, and Asian-Americans when extending the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and supported the Community Reinvestment Act.
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., (November 29, 1908 – April 4, 1972) was an American politician and pastor who represented Harlem, New York City, in the United States House of Representatives (1945–71). Powell became chairman of the Education and Labor Committee, the most powerful position held by an African American in Congress. As Chairman, he supported the passage of important social legislation under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Abraham Lincoln Home - Springfield, Illinois, where Lincoln lived from 1844-61, before becoming the 16th President. The house, purchased by Lincoln & his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln in 1844, was the only home Lincoln ever owned. The house contains twelve rooms spread over two floors. During the time he lived here, Lincoln was elected to the House of Representatives in 1846 & elected President in 1860. Lincoln's son, Robert Todd Lincoln donated the family home to the State of Illinois in 1887.
Jeanette Rankin holds an esteemed place in United States history as the first woman elected to the House of Representatives and the only member of Congress to vote against two world wars. Rankin made a name for herself as a skilled lobbyist, organizer, politician, and pacifist.