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20 Must-Try Summer Science Activities for Kids

How to Make Lightning - Two simple science experiments for kids to demonstrate how to make sparks and explain how lightning occurs. More

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A pyrocumulus cloud, or fire cloud, is a dense cumuliform cloud associated with fire or volcanic eruptions that may produce dry lightning (lightning without rain).A pyrocumulus is similar dynamically in some ways to a firestorm, and the two phenomena may occur in conjunction with each other. However, one may occur without the other

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Red sprites and blue jets are both atmospheric and electrical phenomena that take place in the upper atmosphere. They take place above normal lightning; Blue jets happen in cone shapes above thunderstorm clouds, and are not related to lightning. They’re blue due to ionised emissions from nitrogen. Red sprites can appear as different shapes and have hanging tendrils. They occur when positive lightning goes from the cloud to the ground.

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One lightning bolt and one 65-foot sycamore tree make a convincing argument against taking refuge under branches during a thunderstorm. Considered by experts one of the best pictures ever made of a lightning strike, the image at left was taken in 1984 by Johnny Autery of Dixons Mills, Alabama, from his pickup truck. A remarkable detail in the photograph is a pair of upward discharges: one from atop the sycamore to the left of the main bolt and the other reaching from the television antenna…

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The everlasting storm: Stunning images of unique phenomenon in Venezuela where lightning has raged almost EVERY OTHER NIGHT for thousands of years

The everlasting storm rages of the Catalumbo Delta in Venezuela - the phenomenon has continued for thousands of years

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Catatumbo Lightning - At the point where the Catatumbo River meets Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela, a constant lightning storm illuminates the sky for around 10 hours a night, for almost half the nights out of the year.

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WHAT WE STILL DON'T KNOW ABOUT LIGHTNING #2: • Most lightning strikes involve negative charge in the clouds and positive charge on the ground beneath. Occasionally the opposite occurs, also unexplained • We also don't know why gamma rays should be formed by lightning

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Lightning in space: A single bolt of lightning is 50 percent longer than the entire Milky Way galaxy.Scientists have observed lightning on Mars and Saturn but didn't know that lightning could occur in the middle of space, with a force equal to a trillion lightning bolts, or to use the proper scientific terms, 50 million tons of electricity. This insane electrical current was discovered near galaxy 3C303 firing a massive jet of electrified matter 150,000 light-years into outer space.

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