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Types of microcytic, hypochromic anemia... Iron deficiency will have a high RDW with low ferritin... Thalassemia's will have normal RDW and elevated ferritin (due to RBC turnover)... after thalassemia is suspected, electrophoresis should be done to distinguish alpha (normal) from beta (elevated HbA2 levels)


Low iron.

What are the causes of microcytic hypochromic anemia? (Arabic) أنيميا ن...


Repeated infection results in larval dermatitis with later pulmonary symptoms, microcytic hypochromic anemia from chronic blood loss if heavy infection and poor diet; diagnosis eggs in feces.

Sideroblastic anemia. Presence of anemia + ringed sideroblasts. Hypochromic, BIMODAL RBC population. +/- Pappenheimer bodies (iron). Increased iron stores in BM. All iron studies are elevated (but distinguish from hemochromocytosis because SA has low hgb and low MCV). CAUSES: ACQUIRED = RARS, meds, alcohol, Pearson syndrome and low copper. VAST MAJORITY HAVE CLONAL DEFECT. MACROCYTIC. >15% RS. INHERITED = rare, X-linked. ALAS2 gene. MICROCYTIC. Can try giving a ton of B6.