Today in Black History - August 1, 1619 & 1834 The History of Black America under British rule began with landing of twenty Blacks at Jamestown, Virginia. John Rolfe said the ship arrived “about the...
The first wholesale promise from the British of freedom to slaves came just as the war was starting, in November 1775. The last royal governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, having fled Williamsburg for his safety first to HMS Fowey and then to HMS William, offered freedom to slaves and indentured servants "able and willing to bear arms" for the British. There was, however, a catch. Dunmore's proclamation applied to slaves owned by rebels, not to slaves held by loyalists.
Finding Records For Indentured Servants: Many of our ancestors came to America from England and other parts of Europe as indentured servants. Many servants, often times treated little better than slaves, did not survive their period of bondage. The names of your servant ancestors and their dates of bondage are only part of their story. To get a real sense of what indentured servitude was like during this period in history, this article brings many facts to life.
Virtual Jamestown is a nice site for teachers of U.S. History who would like their students to explore some digital recreations of Jamestown. Virtual Jamestown features a mix of modern 3D tours (Unity browser plug-in required) and older static timelines, images, and articles.
Indenture contract signed with an X by Henry Meyer in 1737~Indentured servitude was a labor system where by young people paid for their passage to the New World by working for an employer for a certain number of years. It was widely employed in the 18th century in the British colonies in North America and elsewhere. It was especially used as a way for poor youth in Britain and the German states to get passage to the American colonies.
Who started slavery in America? Anthony Johnson (c1600 — 1670) was a black Angolan held as an indentured servant by a merchant in the Colony of Virginia in 1620, but later freed to become a successful tobacco farmer and property owner. Notably, he was the first legally recognized slave owner in the English colonies to hold a servant for life where crime was not involved. / http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/johnson-anthony-1670
Sixty-two years after the rebellion, Thomas Wentworth Higginson (Emily Dickinson's friend) recapped the events and their impact in his essay, "Gabriel's Defeat," for the Atlantic Monthly. Read the full essay here at Encyclopedia Virginia.