Today in history: January 30, 1972 - Bloody Sunday. In the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, 26 unarmed civil rights protesters and bystanders were shot by soldiers of the British Army. 14 of them died. The British paratrooper attack, planned at the highest levels of the British government, led to the end of the Irish civil rights movement and the resurgence of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the national liberation movement.
Michael Collins was a hero of the Irish struggle for independence. He is most famous for his leadership of the republican military campaign against Britain (the War of Independence) through the Irish Republican Army (IRA). On August 22, 1922, Collins journeyed to County Cork to meet troops of the new Irish Army. His car was ambushed and Collins was shot dead by anti-treaty insurgents.