Urumqi, Northwestern China. While China remains popular with tourists the Western region of the world's most populous country is rarely traveled. Despite a brilliant train network which stretches across the country, places like Urumqi, with its Islamic influence remain unknown. The same can be said for a Chinese entry in to Tibet (Versus the popular Nepal-side entry).
Samarkand >>> A major centre on the ancient Silk Road, conqueror Tamerlane's capital city, and second largest city in modern Uzbekistan. Not somewhere I want to visit in person, but I can surely appreciate a dazzling interior like this one.