James Madison (1809-1817), the fourth president, known as 'The Father of Our Constitution' made the following statement: “We have staked the whole of all our political Institutions upon the capacity of mankind for Self-government, upon the capacity of each and all of us to govern ourselves, to control ourselves, to sustain ourselves according to The Ten Commandments of God.”
Montpelier, located near Orange, Virginia was the plantation estate of the prominent Madison family of Virginia, including James Madison, fourth President of the U.S. In the early 1760s, Madison, Sr. built a structure that forms the heart of the main house at Montpelier today. Built around 1764, it has two stories of brick laid in a Flemish bond pattern, & a low, hipped roof with chimney stacks at both ends. The building of Montpelier represents Phase 1 (1764–1797) of the construction.