On a wall in the Jewish Quarter of Rome. The Jewish presence in Italy dates to the pre‑Christian Roman period and has continued, despite periods of extreme persecution and expulsions from time to time, until the present. As of 2007, the estimated core Jewish population in Italy numbers around 28,500.
The Old Jewish Cemetery, Josefov, the Jewish Quarter of Prague. "t was in use from the early 15th century (the oldest preserved tombstone, the one of Avigdor Kara, dates back to 1439) until 1787.... it has been estimated that there are approximately 12,000 tombstones presently visible, and there may be as many as 100,000 burials in all." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Jewish_Cemetery,_Prague)