Goshin ("protector of the spirit") is a bonsai created by John Y. Naka. It is a forest planting of eleven Foemina Junipers, the earliest of which Naka began training into bonsai in 1948. Naka donated it to the National Bonsai Foundation in 1984, to be displayed at the United States National Arboretum; it has been there ever since. The tree is posted in our Top Bonsai gallery.
Sargents junipers like this 40-year-old specimen in an American container are trained into many different bonsai forms. Japanese bonsai artist Toshio Kawamoto established saikei, a type of tray landscapes, in the 1960s because he wanted to popularize and expand bonsai art. Photograph by Jonathan Singer