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Jupiter Moons - Callisto discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610 using a telescope. It is thought to have oceans of liquid water beneath its crust. about the size of Mercury, is the 3rd largest moon in the solar system. It is more heavily cratered than any other moon in the solar system. Callisto remains as it was when it formed, during the period of intense meteoroid bombardment that the entire solar system experienced

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Jupiter has 64 moons, and from top to bottom, the moons shown are Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.

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NASA discovers an underground ocean on Jupiter’s largest moon

This cross-sectional illustration shows the interior of Jupiter's largest moon Ganymede, based on theoretical models, in-situ observations by NASA's Galileo orbiter, and Hubble Space Telescope observations of the moon’s magnetosphere. Image released March

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Ganymede is Jupiter's largest moon, and is the largest moon in the Solar System, even slightly larger than the planet Mercury. It has a liquid iron core, a thick icy crust, and layers of silicate rock in between. There is also thought to be a saltwater ocean about 124 miles below the surface. It was discovered in the 1990s that Ganymede has a very thin oxygen atmosphere and an ozone layer.

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Europa, a moon of Jupiter, appears as a thick crescent in this enhanced-color image from NASAs Galileo spacecraft. - Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

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Ganymede (5,262 km), a moon of Jupiter and the largest moon in the Solar System (larger even than Mercury)

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The speckled object depicted here is Callisto, Jupiter’s second largest moon. This image was taken in May 2001 by NASA’s Galileo spacecraft, which studied Jupiter and its moons from 1995 until 2003.

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NASA’s Juno Spacecraft will arrive at Jupiter in the next few day after nearly five years in space. While it’s purpose is primarily to study Jupiter’s origins, interior structure, deep atmosphere and magnetosphere, it’s worth remembering Jupiter is also host to the largest and some of the most interesting moons in the solar system. Lets …

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