Garcia II Nkanga a Lukeni a Nzenze a Ntumba, also known as Garcia Afonso for short, ruled the Kingdom of Kongo from 1641 to 1661; he is sometimes considered Kongo's greatest king for his religious piety and his near expulsion of the Portuguese from Angola.
Kingdom of Kongo Court - coastal kingdoms like the Kongo used the profits from the slave trade to purchase guns (among other things), which helped them expand and consolidate their kingdoms. Those who resisted were sold to the Europeans.
7 Medieval African Kingdoms Everyone Should Know About While Europe was experiencing its Dark Ages, a period of intellectual, cultural and economic regression from the sixth to the 13th centuries, Africans were experiencing an almost continent-wide renaissance after the decline of the Nile Valley civilizations of Egypt and Nubia.
Queen Nzinga Mbande, (1583-1663) was a warrior queen of the Nzinga and Matamba and one of the greatest female African rulers who fought valiantly to keep her country's citizens from becoming victims of the slave trade.