1900 St. Louis - The St Louis Motor Carriage Company was started by George Preston Dorris and John French in 1898. In 1900 John French drove a St Louis from St Louis to Chicago for the first time in an automobile. The company moved to Peoria, Illinois in 1905 as Dorris left to create his own marque. The company lasted until 1907. This car definitely fits into the 'horseless carriage" category. It weighs only 390 lbs. w/ a one cylinder, water-cooled engine and a top speed of 18 mph.