Meck sheriff

"Nahum Meck, the only Jew hanged in the Kovno ghetto, was publicly executed after having fired a gun into the air when caught trying to escape from the ghetto. According to Leib Garfunkel, deputy chairman of the Jewish Council, Meck was en route to a meeting with a group of Lithuanians interested in smuggling Jews to Sweden in exchange for large sums of money." The mother and sister of Meck were executed the next day at IX Fort.

"Nahum Meck, the only Jew hanged in the Kovno ghetto, was publicly executed after having fired a gun into the air when caught trying to escape from the ghetto. According to Leib Garfunkel, deputy chairman of the Jewish Council, Meck was en route to a meeting with a group of Lithuanians interested in smuggling Jews to Sweden in exchange for large sums of money." The mother and sister of Meck were executed the next day at IX Fort.

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The same group, lined up at the ditch next to a pennant marking the place where they were to stand. Ruben-Aron Grinfeld is second or third from the right, next to his mother and sisters. Little Cilla is holding her mother's hand. A "kicker" is visible on the extreme right, pushing bodies into the ditch that were stuck on the ledge.

The same group, lined up at the ditch next to a pennant marking the place where they were to stand. Ruben-Aron Grinfeld is second or third from the right, next to his mother and sisters. Little Cilla is holding her mother's hand. A "kicker" is visible on the extreme right, pushing bodies into the ditch that were stuck on the ledge.

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Kovno, Lithuania, A young Lithuanian by the bodies of his Jewish victims, 24/06/1941.

Kovno, Lithuania, A young Lithuanian by the bodies of his Jewish victims, 24/06/1941.

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Messages scrawled by Jewish prisoners on a wall inside Fort IX, shortly before their execution. Kaunas.

Messages scrawled by Jewish prisoners on a wall inside Fort IX, shortly before their execution. Kaunas.

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"Ruchla Zylberberg lived in the village of Zawichost. Her father fled to the USSR. In 1941 at the age of 8, she was deported with her mother and sister Esther to Auschwitz, where those two were killed. Ruchla remained in the children's barracks in the camp. In December 1944 she was sent, together with 19 other Jewish children ages 5 - 12, to the Neuengamme camp near Hamburg, where they were subjected to medical experimentaton, then on April 20, 1945, were taken to a school building and…

"Ruchla Zylberberg lived in the village of Zawichost. Her father fled to the USSR. In 1941 at the age of 8, she was deported with her mother and sister Esther to Auschwitz, where those two were killed. Ruchla remained in the children's barracks in the camp. In December 1944 she was sent, together with 19 other Jewish children ages 5 - 12, to the Neuengamme camp near Hamburg, where they were subjected to medical experimentaton, then on April 20, 1945, were taken to a school building and…

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Kovno, Lithuania, June 1941, Lithuanians murdering Jews in the city square.  German soldiers watch as Lithuanians murder Jews in the city square.

Kovno, Lithuania, June 1941, Lithuanians murdering Jews in the city square. German soldiers watch as Lithuanians murder Jews in the city square.

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The Crematorium IV building, which contained a gas chamber and furnaces for burning corpses. at Auschwitz-Birkenau. According to calculations by the German authorities, 768 corpses could be burned in this crematorium every 24 hours. According to the testimony of former prisoners, the figure was higher.

The Crematorium IV building, which contained a gas chamber and furnaces for burning corpses. at Auschwitz-Birkenau. According to calculations by the German authorities, 768 corpses could be burned in this crematorium every 24 hours. According to the testimony of former prisoners, the figure was higher.

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Kovno ghetto in flames.Credit: George Kadish, photographer; Beth Hatefutsoth, Israel.
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