Medieval Summer Temperatures in Europe. Medieval summer temperatures shifted dramatically inside the last 2000 years. One important conclusion is that summers might occasionally be more anomalously warm in Europe in the medieval period than has hitherto been believed. The warmest centuries were the 1st century and the 10th century.
A Belgian psalter of the mid 1200's with an illumination of a man at dinner warming his feet. This image clearly depicts a "stirrup pant" strap on his hosen. This apparantly is to keep his hose from climbing up his shin and keep them tucked down in his high topped shoes.