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The epidermis consists of multiple layers and cells. From deep to superficial the layers include: stratum basale, spinosum, granulosum, lucid, and corneum. Keratinocytes synthesize the protein keratin. Stem cells differentiate into keratinocytes. Melanocytes synthesize the pigmented protein melanin. Tactile/Merkel cells are associated with a dermal nerve fiber, together called a tactile disc and function in reception for touch. Dendritic/Langerhans cells function in immune response.

from All About Hair Care

The mystery of hair that turns grey overnight

Hair gains its color from two kinds of melanin pigment; one is eumelanin that determines how dark the hair is, and second is pheomelanin that dictates how red or yellow it is. When one ages, the cells that produce these pigments in hair follicles stop functioning and result in colour-less hair.

Functions: 1.Clear, lighten, smooth the skin 2.Firm and enhance skin texture 3.Reduce and prevent wrinkles, helps fight fatty areas 4.Improve skin elasticity 5.Minimize Pores 6.Balance skin tone 7.Enhance circulation 8.Inhibit the formation of melanin pigment 9.Accelerate blood circulation   Red(650 nm)— One of the most powerful colors to increase blood circulation. Stimulate skin cells to excrete collagen to achieve firm and smooth texture. The red light penetrating 8-10mm is suitable for…

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MelanPlus uses an ancient Chinese herbal compound (He Shou Wu) to promote natural melanin (pigment) production in the hair follicles, thus reducing the appearance of gray hair. MelanPlus is the ideal gray hair vitamin for Men with a specialized formula containing saw palmetto. There is simply no...

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Most of the skin whitening creams contains the following ingredients such as alpha arbutin, Kojic acid and Vitamin C. These are all safer ingredients to use and these are helps to produce less melanin pigment. The melanin pigment causes the dark skin complexion in human body.

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Arbutin is a skin whitening agent which is very papular in Japan and Asia countries for skin de-pigmentation, Arbutin inhabits the formation of melanin pigment by inhabiting tyrosinase activity, Arbutin protect the skin against damage caused by free radicals. The combination with Kojic Acid can inhabits Catecholase activity of tyrosinase. Melanocytes treated with Kojic Acid become nondendritic with a decreased melanin content.
from Saloni™ Health & Beauty Supply

Dermacos Dermafluid Botanical Skin Lightning Serum 2 ML

Arbutin is a skin whitening agent which is very papular in Japan and Asia countries for skin de-pigmentation, Arbutin inhabits the formation of melanin pigment by inhabiting tyrosinase activity, Arbutin protect the skin against damage caused by free radicals. The combination with Kojic Acid can inhabits Catecholase activity of tyrosinase. Melanocytes treated with Kojic Acid become nondendritic with a decreased melanin content.

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from National Geographic Society (blogs)

Pictures: Albino Animals Revealed

Another albino dolphin photo. I have another shot where the dolphin is very pink, probably from sun damage due to lack of melanin pigment in the skin

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SKIN CONDITION Hyperpigmentation WHAT MAKES THE PRO DARK SPOT TX UNIQUE Pro Dark Spot Tx can be a fast and effective way to lighten pigmented skin and is a super-bleaching formula containing multiple melanin blocking ingredients. BENEFITS Pro Dark Spot Tx inhibits the production of melanin (pigment), and exfoliates and brightens the skin; it is a super-brightening bleach.