During cardiac arrest, there are four emergency drugs that should come in hand – lidocaine, epinephrine, atropine and narcan. Lidocaine is used to control arrhythmia when there is an erratic heartbeat. Epinephrine, on the other hand, increases heart contractility, constricts blood vessels and dilates air passages. Atropine is used to resolve bradycardia and asystole. Lastly, Narcan is used to counteract opiate overdose in opiate drug users. emergency drugs nursing mnemonics
Naloxone can safely be given to a pediatric patient in cardiac arrest via the endotracheal tube (ETT) if intravenous or interosseous access is not available. Endotracheal drug administration is infrequently used but has the potential to be therapeutic in patients without access. A number of medications can be given via ETT including atropine, naloxone, lidocaine and epinephrine.